Caleb Baldwin (1860 - 1863)
Served on the Iowa
Supreme Court from January 11, 1860, to December 31, 1863. For two years he was
Born in Washington
County, Pennsylvania, in 1824. He came to Fairfield in 1846 and was elected
Judge of the District Court in 1856. In 1857 he moved to Council Bluffs. In
1865 he was appointed by President Lincoln to the office of United States
District Attorney for Iowa, In 1874 he was one of the judges of the Court of
Commissioners to hear the Alabama Claims arising from the action of Great
Britain in out-fitting a warship for the use of the Confederacy during the
Civil War. As an outgrowth of the findings of this Commission, much of our
present International Law dealing with the relationship of neutral nations and
belligerent powers was evolved.
Justice Baldwin died in
Council Bluffs in December 1876.