Served on the Iowa Supreme Court from January 11, 1860, to December 31, 1863. For two years he was Chief Justice.
Born in Washington County, Pennsylvania, in 1824. He came to Fairfield in 1846 and was elected Judge of the District Court in 1856. In 1857 he moved to Council Bluffs. In 1865 he was appointed by President Lincoln to the office of United States District Attorney for Iowa, In 1874 he was one of the judges of the Court of Commissioners to hear the Alabama Claims arising from the action of Great Britain in out-fitting a warship for the use of the Confederacy during the Civil War. As an outgrowth of the findings of this Commission, much of our present International Law dealing with the relationship of neutral nations and belligerent powers was evolved.
Justice Baldwin died in Council Bluffs in December 1876.