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Case No. 17-1713

State of Iowa
Lundell Buchanan


State of Iowa


Lundell Buchanan

Attorney for the Appellee

Tyler J. Buller, Assistant Attorney General

Attorney for the Appellant

Chad R. Frese

Court of Appeals

Court of Appeals Opinion

Opinion Number:
Date Published:
Nov 21, 2018

           Appeal from the Iowa District Court for Linn County, Casey D. Jones, District Associate Judge.  AFFIRMED ON CONDITION AND REMANDED WITH DIRECTIONS.  Considered by Vaitheswaran, P.J., and Doyle and Mullins, JJ.  Opinion by Mullins, J.  (5 pages)

           Lundell Buchanan appeals multiple criminal convictions following a jury trial.  He contends the racial composition of the jury pool violated his constitutional right to a jury drawn from a fair cross-section of the community.  He also argues the district court abused its discretion in denying his morning-of-trial request for new counsel on the basis that he previously alleged his defense counsel rendered ineffective assistance in a prior representation and his attorney was ineffective in failing to discover this circumstance sooner.  OPINION HOLDS: We deem Buchanan’s argument that the district court abused its discretion in denying his request for new counsel waived and conclude trial counsel was not ineffective as alleged.  However, we conclude the district court should have granted Buchanan’s request to further investigate the racial composition of the jury pool.  As such, we conditionally affirm Buchanan’s convictions and remand the matter to the district court for development of the record on the challenge to the composition of the jury.  Following development of the record, we direct the district court to determine whether Buchanan’s constitutional right to a representative jury was violated.  If so, the court shall grant a new trial.

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