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Case No. 20-1651

Juan Antonio Nino-Estrada
State of Iowa


Juan Antonio Nino-Estrada


State of Iowa

Attorneys for the Appellant

Matthew R. Metzgar (until withdrawal)
Judy L. Freking

Attorney for the Appellee

Linda J. Hines, Assistant Attorney General

Court of Appeals

Court of Appeals Opinion

Opinion Number:
Date Published:
Jan 27, 2022

            Appeal from the Iowa District Court for Woodbury County, Zachary Hindman, Judge.  AFFIRMED.  Considered by Tabor, P.J., and Greer and Badding, JJ.  Opinion by Badding, J.  (11 pages)

            Juan Antonio Nino-Estrada appeals the orders dismissing and denying the claims in his application for postconviction relief.  OPINION HOLDS: I. Trial counsel was not ineffective in presenting a justification defense.  Counsel made a strategic decision to limit Nino-Estrada’s direct examination and presented an effective argument on justification in closing, and there is no reasonable probability that a more thorough direct examination would have changed the outcome of trial.  II. Nino-Estrada’s claims that the trial court failed to properly instruct the jury on the legal concept of unanimity and the burden of proof for justification fail as a matter of law because the instructions did not misstate the law or mislead the jury.

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