Perhaps. UPL can occur in various forms. Most frequently, UPL is found when a non-lawyer holds themselves out as an attorney. But UPL can also be found when a licensed attorney aids or abets a non-lawyer practicing law in Iowa. Iowa Rule of Professional Conduct 32:5.3 describes a lawyer's responsibilities regarding non-lawyer assistants. Comment 2 to Iowa Rule of Professional Conduct 32:5.5 provides that a lawyer is not prohibited “from employing the services of paraprofessionals and delegating functions to them, so long as the lawyer supervises the delegated work and retains responsibility for their work."